Preliminary results of London Stock Exchange Group plc for the year ended 31 March 2011

Highlights

  • Good growth in total income – up 7 per cent to £674.9 million (2010: £628.3 million);
  • Adjusted operating profit1  increased 22 per cent to £341.1 million (2010: £280.3 million); statutory operating profit increased 55 per cent to £283.0 million (2010: £182.3 million) and profit before tax rose 65 per cent to £238.2 million (2010: £144.3 million)
  • Adjusted basic earnings per share1 up 23 per cent to 73.7 pence (2010: 60.1 pence); basic earnings per share up 67 per cent to 56.4 pence (2010: 33.8 pence)
  • Proposed final dividend up 12.5 per cent to 18.0 pence per share; total dividend for the year increased 9.8 per cent to 26.8 pence per share
  • Good growth in number of new issues, up 68 per cent to 185, with a more than trebling of money raised to £13.1 billion (2010: £3.9 billion)
  • Millennium Exchange, the Group’s new high performance trading system,  successfully rolled out to Turquoise and the UK equities markets – delivering world leading consistent performance, 10 times faster than previous system
  • Turquoise Derivatives pan-European equity derivatives trading service launched in the spring, following integration with the Group’s London-based EDX derivatives exchange; FTSE 100 Index Futures to begin trading in June 2011
  • Announced recommended merger with Canada’s TMX Group, with work ongoing to secure necessary approvals

1 before amortisation of purchased intangibles and non-recurring items

Chris Gibson-Smith, Chairman of London Stock Exchange Group, said:

“We have achieved much in the past year and the actions we have taken to ensure the Group remains efficient, competitive and focused on developing growth opportunities mean we are in a strong position. 

“We aim to develop the Group further, with increasing international scale, together with extended reach and scope, to provide competitive services to global customers. This approach underpins the rationale for our proposed merger with TMX Group, announced in February.”

Commenting on the year, Xavier Rolet, Chief Executive, said:

“We have made good progress.  The 22 per cent increase in adjusted operating profit underlines our improved financial performance and we have taken significant steps in delivering on our growth strategy. 

“We continue to operate in a highly dynamic and evolving global industry. Enhancing our competitiveness and improving customer service remain key priorities.  We are also fully focused on pursuing a range of growth opportunities which will remain pivotal to further progress in the year ahead.”

Other Financial and Operational Headlines:

  • Operating expenses (before amortisation of purchased intangibles and non-recurring items) down 4 per cent to £336.9 million; reduced by 8 per cent on an organic2, constant currency basis
  • Adjusted earnings per share also benefits from a lower group effective tax rate than forecast at the half year, reflecting the impact of the respective tax rates in the UK and Sri Lanka on the licence to use the Millennium Exchange platform in the UK. With announced reduction in UK corporate tax rates, the underlying Group effective rate is expected to fall marginally next year
  • Net cash flow from operations increased strongly to £381.8 million (2010: £301.2 million) with free cash flow per share of 80.4 pence (2010: 65.6 pence); gearing further reduced, to 1.0x net debt:EBITDA (2010: 1.5x)
  • UK average daily equity value traded increased two per cent to £4.7 billion, and share of total order book trading remained stable through the year, averaging 63.5 per cent; Italian average daily equity volumes grew two per cent to 257,000 trades and share of value traded steady at 84.0 per cent
  • MTS fixed income trading performed well, with a 13 per cent rise in cash trading and a 54 per cent increase in money markets (repo); derivatives trading volumes at IDEM rose 13 per cent and the SOLA trading system was successfully rolled out in Italy in December 2010
  • Total income for Post Trade Services increased 30 per cent; clearing volumes increased eight per cent; reflecting the strong growth in Italian fixed income, derivatives and equities trading. The average level of initial margin collateral held in the CC&G clearing business increased 53 per cent, combining with good risk and treasury management to deliver a three-fold increase in net treasury income
  • Demand for real time data remained good, with 93,000 professional users of LSE information at year end, unchanged from the previous year; new services introduced for customers, including direct billing, separate post trade only data feeds and new tariffs for non-display data use
  • Strong performance from non real time data businesses, with revenues up 27 per cent (up 13 per cent organically), reflecting growing contributions from SEDOL, UnaVista, FTSE, Proquote and a first full year contribution from Turquoise
  • Technology Services revenues up 23 per cent to £48.6 million, including £18.2 million contribution from MillenniumIT
  • MillenniumIT won contracts to supply financial technology systems to a number of third parties, including Johannesburg Stock Exchange and the Mongolian Stock Exchange (as part of a broader strategic partnership with the Group)

2 before prior year acquisitions, one-off costs for replacement of TradElect and adjustment for estimated inflation

 

Current Trading and Outlook

In primary markets, the pipeline of companies seeking to raise capital on our markets looks encouraging.  In April there were 20 new issues, including 13 on the UK Main Market, and the indications for May are also good. 

Trading on MTS remained good overall in April, with cash markets average daily value traded up 7 per cent although repo was down 3 per cent on the same month last year. 

Overall trading on the Group’s derivatives platforms has also increased with the total number of contracts up 19 per cent year on year. UK equity order book trading declined 10 per cent in April, impacted by the holiday pattern during the month; in Italy the average daily volume traded decreased marginally, by 2 per cent, on April last year.  Average value traded on Turquoise’s lit book increased 28 per cent year on year, and rose 96 per cent on the dark mid-point book.

In Post Trade operations, net treasury income remained strong in April at £7 million, although the current treasury income run rate may moderate over the year.

The Group is a business in transformation, operating in a highly dynamic and evolving global industry.  The development of growth opportunities, especially in the areas of Post Trade, Derivatives and Financial Technology, continued delivery on cost reductions, enhancing our competitiveness and improving customer service will remain pivotal to further progress in the year ahead.

Further information is available from:

London Stock Exchange Group plc

Victoria Brough

Paul Froud

Media

Investor Relations

+44 (0) 20 7797 1222

+44 (0) 20 7797 3322

Citigate Dewe Rogerson

Patrick Donovan/Grant   Ringshaw

 

+44 (0) 20 7638 9571

 


Further information

The Group will host a presentation of its Preliminary Results for analysts and shareholders today at 09:30am at 10 Paternoster Square, LondonEC4M 7LS.  The presentation will be accessible via live web cast, which can be viewed at http://www.lseg.com.  For further information, please call the Group’s Investor Relations team on +44 (0) 20 7797 3322.

Summary financial Results

Unless otherwise stated, all figures refer to the year ended 31 March 2011.

 

 

Year ended

 

Variance at

 

 

31 March

 

constant

 

 

2011

 

2010

Variance

currency

 

 

£m

 

£m

%

%

Revenue

 

 

 

 

 

 

Capital Markets

 

281.5 

 

295.3 

(5%)

(3%)

Post Trade Services

 

99.3 

 

100.0 

(1%)

3% 

Information Services

 

184.7 

 

169.3 

9% 

10% 

Technology Services

 

48.6 

 

39.4 

23% 

24% 

Other revenue

 

1.8 

 

1.6 

13% 

20% 

Total revenue

 

615.9 

 

605.6 

2% 

4% 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net treasury income   through CCP business

 

51.3 

 

16.2 

217% 

229% 

Other income

 

7.7 

 

6.5 

18% 

18% 

Total income

 

674.9 

 

628.3 

7% 

9% 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operating expenses

 

(336.9)

 

(349.6)

(4%)

(2%)

Share of profit of JVs   and associates

 

3.1 

 

1.6 

 

 

Acquisition   amortisation and non-recurring items

 

(58.1)

 

(98.0)

(41%)

(39%)

Operating profit

 

283.0 

 

182.3 

55% 

58% 

Adjusted operating   profit*

 

341.1 

 

280.3 

22% 

24% 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic earnings per   share (p)

 

56.4 

 

33.8 

67% 

 

Adjusted basic   earnings per share (p)*

 

73.7 

 

60.1 

23% 

 

 

*before amortisation of purchased intangibles and non-recurring items

 

Segmental reporting has been restated to reflect the management organisation and reporting of the business lines during the year. Technology Services combines IT Services and MillenniumIT, reflecting the similar nature of their products and services.

Turquoise will be reported as part of Capital Markets from 1 April 2011 (reported as part of Information Services for the year ended 31 March 2011), following changes to the way the business is managed on the merger of EDX into Turquoise to form Turquoise Derivatives.

Chief Executive’s Review

We have made good progress over the last year, with improved financial performance and significant steps taken in delivering on our ambition to be, by scale and offering, a world-leading diversified exchange group.

Against a background of more stable although highly competitive markets, we achieved total income of £674.9 million, a seven per cent increase.  Adjusted operating profit was £341.1 million, a 22 per cent increase, as we maintained focus on cost control. Growth across a range of Group operations illustrates the increasingly diversified nature of our business.

The past year saw the cautious return of optimism to the economy and global capital markets. London remains a world-leading centre for companies seeking to raise capital, both domestically and internationally, and the Group retains an enviable franchise in helping issuers access capital and generate liquidity in secondary markets. We saw strong growth in the number of new issues and the pipeline across geography, sector and markets remains encouraging.

Following the introduction of a number of key initiatives designed to bring the Group closer to its clients, our share of order book trading in UK cash equities was stable over the year. Our fixed income markets, MTS and MOT, performed well and the IDEM derivatives market in Italy also delivered good growth.

Our Information Services and Technology Services divisions made good progress. The number of users of the Group’s real time data remained broadly unchanged over the year compared with a period of reduced demand last year. Our other reference data, desk top products, and FTSE Indices businesses all delivered growth over the twelve months. Contributing to growth in the Technology segment were MillenniumIT and other specialist technology services, including network connections and co-location of clients’ servers in our data centres.

Strategy Review

Last year we set out a clear strategy for the development of the business, with customer focus and improving operational efficiency very much central to our plans. Our strategy is broadly characterised as “getting in shape”, “leveraging our assets” and “developing opportunities”. The imperatives are fourfold, namely to drive efficiency, build scale, increase scope and extend reach.

Our strategic outline is more than a one year plan but we are undoubtedly making good progress:

Getting in Shape – Drive efficiency

The focus of initial management attention, “getting in shape”, was on reducing costs; implementing low cost, high performance technology; improving client relationships; and adjusting tariffs, particularly with regard to improving our competitive position in cash equities trading.

Pleasingly, we reduced our adjusted organic operating expenses by a further eight per cent this year, reflecting previously implemented headcount reductions and other savings.

Last year we conducted a full review of our technology requirements, resulting in the acquisition of MillenniumIT, an innovative, capital markets-focused software services business.  We embarked on an ambitious programme to swiftly implement MillenniumIT’s leading, high speed and high performance equities trading technology across the Group’s markets. In October, we successfully completed the migration of Turquoise, our pan-European MTF, onto the Millennium Exchange trading system. This was followed by the London Stock Exchange main UK equity trading market in February 2011. The new platform is running at least 10 times faster than its predecessor TradElect and delivering consistent world-leading average latency of below 125 micro seconds, fully meeting our requirements for a low cost and highly competitive trading system.

We continued the process started last year with the roll out of the TMX Group’s derivatives trading technology, SOLA, to our IDEM market, following the successful earlier launch on EDX. This has provided IDEM clients with a faster and improved trading system.

Work to enhance our equity markets offering has driven significant improvements. We have negotiated improved pricing for clearing and settlement services by external providers, which reduce the overall cost of trading on our UK market; and we introduced new tariffs last May intended to incentivise trading which were well received. Our share of trading, in what remains a competitive marketplace, was stable throughout the financial year at an average 63.5 per cent, and in Italy the share of order book value traded was also steady at 84.0 per cent.

Leveraging assets – increasing scope and reach

Turquoise, our pan-European MTF joint venture with 12 banks, which became part of the Group shortly before the start of the financial year, has made good progress, with a significantly reduced cost base and a growing share of trading. Of particular note was the increase in dark pool trading, regularly occupying the number one or two position among MTFs for much of the past year. We have also recently announced plans to launch a pan-European derivatives business through the creation of Turquoise Derivatives in combination with the Group’s existing derivatives market, EDX, and use the SOLA platform already adopted by EDX. FTSE 100 Index Futures will begin trading on this platform in June 2011, with further products planned, subject in some instances to obtaining relevant trading licences.

Post Trade had a strong year with total income up 30 per cent, driven in part by clearing an increased number of Italian derivatives and fixed income trades which also resulted in higher margin held by the clearing operation. Active risk and treasury management of the cash margin in turn contributed to increased net treasury management income. The European post trade landscape remains poised for widespread structural re-definition and we continue to pursue a number of opportunities that are available to the Group.

In Information Services, Proquote, a cornerstone of our important retail strategy, has had a transformational year, having been completely restructured, partnering with FactSet and recording a significant surge in retail trading volumes. We have also extended the UnaVista service to provide a Swaps Portal and a Confirmation Portal to help clients automate processes and reduce costs and risk. We have introduced optionality for clients with new reporting structures for real time data use, and introduced new post trade data services, providing data in new forms to increase client choice of the information they receive.

In Technology Services, MillenniumIT has signed agreements to supply technology to a number of new third party customers, including the Johannesburg Stock Exchange which recently announced its intention to use Millennium Exchange, and the Mongolian Stock Exchange which signed a strategic partnership with the Group to restructure and develop the national exchange of the world’s third fastest growing economy.

Developing opportunities – building scale and extending international operations

The last quarter of our financial year saw the Group announce plans for a merger of equals with Canadian-based exchange business TMX Group Inc., to create a leading diversified international exchange group. As we set out at the time of the announcement, the merger will create a group highly diversified across asset classes and geographies, a leading global listings franchise, significant efficiencies for customers, increased scale and reach, a strong balance sheet and considerable growth opportunities. Over the coming months we will continue to work on achieving the customary shareholder and regulatory approvals with the aim of completing the transaction in the autumn of 2011.

Dividend

The Board proposes a final dividend of 18.0 pence per share, to be paid to those shareholders on the register on 29 July 2011, for payment on 22 August 2011. Together with the interim dividend of 8.8 pence per share paid in January 2011, the total dividend for the year rises to 26.8 pence per share, an increase of 9.8 per cent over the previous year (2010: 24.4 pence per share). 

Financial Review

The following is a review of the Group’s financial performance for the year.

Capital Markets

 

Year ended

 

Variance at

 

31 March

 

constant

 

2011

2010

Variance

currency

Revenue

£m

£m

%

%

Primary Markets

 

 

 

 

Annual fees

37.8

35.2

7% 

9% 

Admission fees

33.0

34.0

(3%)

(2%)

 

70.8

69.2

2% 

3% 

Secondary Markets

 

 

 

 

Cash equities UK

86.4

101.8

(15%)

(15%)

Cash equities Italy

30.7

31.7

(3%)

1% 

Derivatives

16.8

19.5

(14%)

(12%)

Fixed income

32.4

29.3

11% 

15% 

 

166.3

182.3

(9%)

(7%)

Other

44.4

43.8

1% 

5% 

Total revenue

281.5

295.3

(5%)

(3%)

 

Annual fee income increased 7 per cent, with market capitalisation at the end of November 2009 (which formed the basis of UK Main Market fees for the year ended 31 March 2011) up 27 per cent compared with the prior year.  This was partly offset by a 14 per cent reduction versus the prior year in AIM company numbers as at April 2010 (which formed the basis of AIM fees for the year ended 31 March 2011).  In Italy, average market capitalisation for the year ended 31 December 2010 was 5 per cent higher than the corresponding prior year (fees are set on a calendar half-yearly basis based on average market capitalisation for the prior six months), whilst company numbers were broadly stable at 296.

Admissions to our primary markets increased during the year, with new issues growing 68 per cent to 185, including 50 international companies, and a more than doubling of new companies joining AIM.  In revenue terms, these increases were offset by a reduction in further issues, which last year benefitted from the high level of secondary fund raising as companies repaired their balance sheets following the credit crisis; money raised from further issues declined 63 per cent to £27.2 billion in the year.

UK equity trading revenues benefitted from a 2 per cent increase in average daily value traded to £4.7 billion, whilst our average share of value traded for the year was 63.5 per cent – up from 61.4 per cent for the month of April 2010.  Pricing changes in September 2009 and the pricing pilot initiated in May 2010 resulted in a 17 per cent reduction in average yield on the SETS order book to 0.71 basis points and a 15 per cent reduction in revenue.

Italian equity trading revenues are charged on the basis of the volume of trades completed, which was up two per cent on last year at an average 257,000 per day. 

Derivative trading volumes in IDEM increased 13 per cent versus 2010, partly offsetting the very sharp reduction in trading of Scandinavian derivatives on EDX following its change in trading platform in December 2009.  Revenues for Q4 were up five per cent on last year.

The fixed income business performed strongly, with value traded in MTS up 51 per cent to €68 trillion for the year.  Trading volume on the MOT retail bond market increased 14 per cent.

Other capital markets revenues primarily comprise fees for membership of our markets and other non-trading revenues.

Post Trade Services

 

Year ended

 

Variance at

 

31 March

 

constant

 

2011

2010

Variance

currency

 

£m

£m

%

%

Revenue

 

 

 

 

Clearing

35.9

33.4

7% 

12% 

Settlement

18.2

21.1

(14%)

(10%)

Custody & other

45.2

45.5

(1%)

3% 

Total revenue

99.3

100.0

(1%)

3% 

Net treasury income   through CCP business

51.3

16.2

217% 

229% 

Total income

150.6

116.2

30% 

35% 

 

Equity and derivatives volumes cleared rose 4 and 13 percent respectively, contributing to the increase in clearing revenues.  Net treasury income through the Central Counterparty (“CCP”) business grew significantly due to:

  •  53 per cent higher average initial margin held, mainly driven by increased fixed income volumes through the CCP as a result of both higher trading volumes and additional fixed income markets guaranteed by the CCP; and
  • significant investment in our risk and treasury management functions enabling us to improve the rates achieved on investment of margin funds with Italian banks.

Total Income from the clearing business rose 76 per cent to £87.2 million.

The number of pre-settlement and settlement contracts fell 10 and 22 per cent respectively following a reduction in OTC volumes and increased netting driven by a rise in the number of markets (such as MOT) guaranteed by the CCP.  In the Custody business, the value of assets under management increased five per cent to €3.0 trillion.  Revenues from Servizio Titoli S.p.A., the shareholder services business, declined slightly to £7.9 million.  On 10 May 2011, the sale of Servizio Titoli S.p.A. to Computershare plc was completed for a consideration of €32.4 million.

Information Services

 

Year ended

 

Variance at

 

31 March

 

constant

 

2011

2010

Variance

currency

 

£m

£m

%

%

Revenue

 

 

 

 

Real time data

101.2

103.7

(2%)

(1%)

Other information   services

83.5

65.6

27% 

28% 

Total revenue

184.7

169.3

9% 

10% 

 

Professional terminal numbers receiving the Group’s UK real time data at 31 March 2011 were little changed over the year at 93,000.  Professional terminal numbers taking Italian data were two per cent lower at 139,000, resulting in a small constant currency reduction in revenue.

Non real time data products continued to perform well, with good results across a number of products.  In particular, continued growing contributions were generated by SEDOL (which provides unique identification for a range of global tradable securities), UnaVista (a post trade data matching service), royalties from the FTSE indices joint venture and Proquote.  The Information Services division also benefited from a full year revenue contribution of £10.0 million from Turquoise (2010: £0.3 million), which was acquired in February 2010.

Technology Services

 

Year ended

 

Variance at

 

31 March

 

constant

 

2011

2010

Variance

currency

 

£m

£m

%

%

Revenue

 

 

 

 

MillenniumIT

18.2

6.7

172% 

168% 

Technology

30.4

32.7

(7%)

(6%)

Total revenue

48.6

39.4

23% 

24% 

 

The Group’s Technology Services division reflected a full year of revenues from MillenniumIT, acquired in October 2009. 

MillenniumIT has performed well, with the principal focus of activity on developing technology for the Group.  In the year it has also taken a number of third party customers live, including a commodity exchange in India and smart order routing technology in Canada, and has been awarded contracts including Tullett Prebon, the Chittagong Stock Exchange and a large Indian Bank.  MillenniumIT will also be a key part of the agreement to restructure and develop the Mongolian Stock Exchange, with whom a contract was signed shortly after the year end.

The Technology Services division benefited from expansion of our UK server co-location offering, which was launched last year, and growth in our Italian ASP business, due to the consolidation of services provided to clients and product diversification to attract new customers.  The transfer of supply of our external UK communications network to a third party from August 2010 resulted in a £4.4m reduction in revenues, although this was offset by a corresponding reduction in costs.

Expenditure

Our operating expenses, before amortisation of purchased intangibles and non-recurring items, were reduced organically by eight per cent, on a constant currency basis.  This reflects previously announced headcount and property restructuring and other cost savings, including a net £5.6 million benefit arising from an agreement with HMRC over the methodology used in recovering input VAT and £4.1 million relating to the transfer of supply of our external UK communications network to a third party.  The savings were partly offset by an increase in variable staff costs reflecting the improved performance of the Group.

One-off costs relating to the replacement of the TradElect platform amounted to £5.5 million (2010: £25.3 million) and comprised accelerated depreciation and other IT costs.  Included within our net organic cost reduction is approximately £6 million early delivery of savings out of the £10 million per annum targeted for the year ending 31 March 2012 from the roll-out of the Millennium Exchange system.

Non-recurring items comprised £15.4 million of non-contingent costs associated with the proposed merger with TMX Group Inc., £3.5 million restructuring costs mainly relating to headcount restructuring in May 2010 and £2.1 million of property costs largely comprising an impairment provision on a freehold property now surplus to requirements and held for resale.  These costs were partly offset by a £10.0 million accounting gain triggered by the acquisition by our FTSE joint venture of the remaining 50 per cent of the FXI Chinese index business.

Finance Income and Expense, and Taxation

Net finance costs increased by £4.1 million mainly as a result of a full year’s interest on the 2019 Bond issued in June 2009.  Our effective tax rate on profit before amortisation of purchased intangibles and non-recurring items was 30.3 per cent (2010: 30.5 per cent). This reflects strong results from Italy taxed at a higher rate than UK profits offset by the benefit of the relative tax treatment between the UK and Sri Lanka, where we currently have a corporate tax holiday, relating to the Millennium Exchange licence fee for the UK trading system. Given the reduction in UK corporation tax rates and the anticipated mix of Group profits, we expect our underlying effective tax rate to fall marginally next year.

Cash flow and balance sheet

We continued to be strongly cash generative during the year.  Cash generated from operations increased 27 per cent to £381.8 million (2010: £301.2 million), whilst our net cash inflow from operating activities was 23 per cent higher than prior year at £264.5 million.  Our net cash investment in the business of £48.5 million included £43.0 million of capital expenditure and £5.5 million investment, net of cash acquired, in subsidiary undertakings (comprising the acquisitions of ProMac S.p.A. and MTS France S.A.S. and buying out the non-controlling interests in EDX London Ltd and Servizio Titoli S.p.A.).

The Group had net assets of £1,137.0 million at 31 March 2011 (2010: £1,030.8 million).  The central counterparty clearing business assets and liabilities within CC&G largely offset each other and are shown gross on the balance sheet as the amounts receivable and payable are with different counterparties. The gross clearing balances increased year on year primarily as a result of an increase in the volume and average term of the repurchase transactions that remained open.

The surplus on the Group’s UK defined benefit pension plan increased to £37.6 million at 31 March 2011 (2010: £4.6 million).  On 7 April 2011 the Trustees of the plan signed an agreement with Pension Insurance Corporation Limited to insure for a premium of around £158 million all future payments to scheme members who were pensioners at 31 March 2011.  This will eliminate any investment, inflation, and mortality risks associated with these benefits.  The actuarial liability of these benefits at 31 March 2011 was £140.5 million, with the excess of the insurance premium over the liabilities being funded from the plan surplus.  The contract includes an obligation to insure future retirements over the next five years on consistent pricing terms for a total premium currently estimated to be £45 million.

Net debt, facilities and credit rating

 

 

 

 

2011

2010

 

 

 

 

£m

£m

Gross borrowings

 

 

499.1 

606.7 

Cash and cash   equivalents

 

(267.0)

(223.1)

Net derivative   financial liabilities

 

12.5 

18.4 

Net debt

 

 

244.6 

402.0 

Cash set aside

 

 

125.0 

125.0 

Operating net debt

 

 

369.6 

527.0 

 

The £125 million of cash set aside is to meet regulatory, clearing and commercial requirements.  We are currently in discussions with the FSA about a possible increase in the regulatory capital requirement for our main UK operating company for FY 2012, however indications are that (to the extent that it is increased at all) the overall cash set aside by the Group will increase by no more than one third above the current £125 million.

In September 2010, the Group cancelled €120 million of interest swaps which were linked to floating rate bank loans. The cost of the swap cancellation was €2.6m, the majority of which was offset within the financial year against lower financing costs from the simultaneous reduction in gross borrowings. In November 2010, the Group took advantage of improving loan markets to refinance £225 million of its bank lines early by signing a new £250 million, five year, committed revolving credit facility. Committed credit lines available for general Group purposes now total £1 billion, with £750 million extending to 2015 or beyond.

Foreign exchange

 

 

2011

2010

Spot £/€ rate at 31   March

 

1.13

1.12

Average £/€ rate for   the year

 

1.18

1.13

The Group’s foreign exchange exposure arises mainly from translating the Group’s euro earnings, assets and liabilities into sterling.  During the year, the Group’s income has been adversely impacted from the weakening of the average euro rate against sterling:

Our principal foreign exchange exposure is on the translation of the euro denominated results of our Italian business into sterling.  A €5c movement in the average £/€ rate for the year would have changed the Group’s operating profit before amortisation of purchased intangibles and non-recurring items by approximately £8 million.

Our principal foreign exchange exposure is on the translation of the euro denominated results of our Italian business into sterling.  A €5c movement in the average £/€ rate for the year would have changed the Group’s operating profit before amortisation of purchased intangibles and non-recurring items by approximately £8 million.

CONSOLIDATED INCOME   STATEMENT

 

Year ended 31 March   2011

 

 

2011

 

2010

 

Before acquisition amortisation and non-recurring items

Acquisition amortisation and non-recurring

items

Total

 

Before acquisition amortisation and non-recurring items

Acquisition amortisation and non-recurring items

Total

Continuing operations

Notes

£m

£m

£m

 

£m

£m

£m

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Revenue

2

615.9 

- 

615.9 

.

605.6 

605.6 

Net treasury income   through CCP business

2

51.3 

- 

51.3 

 

16.2 

16.2 

Other income

 

7.7 

- 

7.7 

 

6.5 

6.5 

Total income

 

674.9 

- 

674.9 

 

628.3 

628.3 

Expenses

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operating expenses

 

(336.9)

(68.1)

(405.0)

 

(349.6)

(98.0)

(447.6)

Share of profit after   tax of joint ventures/ associates

 

3.1 

10.0 

13.1 

 

1.6 

1.6 

Operating   profit/(loss)

 

341.1 

(58.1)

283.0 

 

280.3 

(98.0)

182.3 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Finance income

 

16.1 

- 

16.1 

 

15.2 

15.2 

Finance expense

 

(60.9)

- 

(60.9)

 

(55.9)

(55.9)

Net finance expense

5

(44.8)

(44.8)

 

(40.7)

(40.7)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Profit on disposal of   shares in subsidiary/ associates

 

- 

- 

 

2.4 

0.3 

2.7 

Profit/(loss) before   taxation

 

296.3 

(58.1)

238.2 

 

242.0 

(97.7)

144.3 

Taxation

6

(89.8)

8.1 

(81.7)

 

(73.9)

21.3 

(52.6)

Profit/(loss) for the   financial year

 

206.5 

(50.0)

156.5 

 

168.1 

(76.4)

91.7 

Profit/(loss)   attributable to non-controlling interests

 

8.6 

(3.7)

4.9 

 

7.3 

(6.0)

1.3 

Profit/(loss)   attributable to equity holders

 

197.9 

(46.3)

151.6 

 

160.8 

(70.4)

90.4 

 

 

206.5 

(50.0)

156.5 

 

168.1 

(76.4)

91.7 

Basic earnings per   share

7

 

 

56.4p  

 

 

 

33.8p  

Diluted earnings per   share

7

 

 

55.9p  

 

 

 

33.5p  

Adjusted basic   earnings per share

7

 

 

73.7p  

 

 

 

60.1p  

Adjusted diluted   earnings per share

7

 

 

72.9p  

 

 

 

59.6p  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Dividend per share in   respect of financial year

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Dividend per share   paid during the year

8

 

 

24.8p  

 

 

 

24.4p  

Dividend per share   declared for the year

8

 

 

26.8p  

 

 

 

24.4p  

                   

 

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT   OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME

 

Year ended 31 March   2011

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2011

2010

 

 

 

Notes

£m

£m

Profit for the   financial year

 

 

 

156.5 

91.7 

Defined benefit   pension scheme actuarial gain/(loss)

 

 

 

32.4 

(1.8)

Cash flow hedge

 

 

 

2.8 

(0.9)

Net investment hedge

 

 

 

6.5 

(9.9)

Exchange loss on   translation of foreign operations

 

 

 

(13.0)

(56.8)

Tax related to items   not recognised on income statement

 

 

6

(6.5)

1.5 

 

 

 

 

22.2 

(67.9)

Total comprehensive   income for the financial year

 

 

178.7 

23.8 

Attributable to   non-controlling interests

 

 

 

5.9 

(2.2)

Attributable to equity   holders

 

 

 

172.8 

26.0 

 

 

 

 

178.7 

23.8 

 

 

CONSOLIDATED BALANCE   SHEET

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2011

2010

31 March 2011

 

Notes

 

£m

£m

Assets

 

 

 

 

 

Non-current assets

 

 

 

 

 

Property, plant and   equipment

 

 

 

62.4 

74.9 

Intangible assets

 

9

 

1,394.4 

1,484.1 

Investment in joint   ventures

 

 

 

17.3 

7.1 

Investments in   associates

 

 

 

0.6 

1.5 

Deferred tax assets

 

 

 

12.2 

6.2 

Available for sale   investments

 

 

 

0.4 

0.4 

Retirement benefit   asset

 

 

 

37.6 

4.6 

Other non-current   assets

 

 

 

0.5 

0.7 

 

 

 

 

1,525.4  

1,579.5 

Current assets

 

 

 

 

 

Inventories

 

 

 

1.4 

2.2 

Trade and other   receivables

 

 

 

126.8 

132.2 

Derivative financial   instruments

 

 

 

0.7 

0.6 

CCP financial assets

 

 

 

110,177.9 

79,669.3 

CCP cash and cash   equivalents (restricted)

 

 

 

5,929.3 

4,580.7 

CCP clearing business   assets

 

10

 

116,107.2 

84,250.0 

Current tax

 

 

 

21.2 

Assets held at fair   value

 

10

 

8.6 

9.5 

Cash and cash equivalents

 

 

 

267.0

223.1 

 

 

 

 

116,532.9 

84,617.6 

Assets held for sale

 

11

 

36.9 

-

Total assets

 

 

 

118,095.2 

86,197.1 

Liabilities

 

 

 

 

 

Current liabilities

 

 

 

 

 

Trade and other   payables

 

 

 

156.5 

137.1 

Derivative financial   instruments

 

10

 

0.3 

2.7 

CCP clearing business   liabilities

 

10

 

116,104.5 

84,257.5 

Current tax

 

 

 

49.9 

10.5 

Borrowings

 

12

 

0.1 

0.9 

Provisions

 

 

 

3.7 

3.7 

 

 

 

 

116,315.0 

84,412.4 

Non-current   liabilities

 

 

 

 

 

Borrowings

 

12

 

499.0 

605.8 

Derivative financial   instruments

 

10

 

12.9 

16.3 

Deferred tax   liabilities

 

 

 

92.3 

94.3 

Retirement benefit   obligation

 

 

 

6.4 

7.3 

Provisions

 

 

 

27.8 

30.2 

 

 

 

 

638.4 

753.9 

Liabilities held for sale

 

11

 

4.8 

Total liabilities

 

 

 

116,958.2 

85,166.3 

Net assets

 

 

 

1,137.0 

1,030.8 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Equity

 

 

 

 

 

Capital and reserves   attributable to the Company's equity holders

Share capital

 

14

 

18.8 

18.8 

Retained loss

 

 

 

(662.9)

(775.7)

Other reserves

 

 

 

1,681.0 

1,684.8 

 

 

 

 

1,036.9 

927.9 

Non-controlling   interests

 

 

 

100.1 

102.9 

Total equity

 

 

 

1,137.0 

1,030.8 

 

CONSOLIDATED CASH FLOW   STATEMENT

 

 

 

 

Year ended 31 March   2011

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2011

2010

 

Notes

 

£m

£m

Cash flow from   operating activities

 

 

 

 

Cash generated from   operations

15

 

381.8 

301.2 

Interest received

 

 

1.4 

2.1 

Interest paid

 

 

(44.9)

(31.0)

Corporation tax paid

 

 

(54.3)

(48.1)

Withholding tax paid

 

 

(19.5)

(9.0)

Net cash inflow from   operating activities

 

 

264.5 

215.2 

Cash flow from   investing activities

 

 

 

 

Purchase of property,   plant and equipment

 

 

(16.9)

(12.3)

Sale of property,   plant and equipment

 

 

0.4 

-

Purchase of intangible   assets

 

 

(26.1)

(29.9)

Investment in joint   ventures

 

 

- 

(6.1)

Investment in   subsidiaries

 

 

(10.3)

(16.3)

Net cash inflow from   acquisitions

 

 

4.8 

5.2 

Dividends received

 

 

4.3 

2.5 

Proceeds from sale of   non-controlling interest in subsidiary

 

 

- 

7.4 

Net cash outflow from   investing activities

 

 

(43.8)

(49.5)

Cash flow from   financing activities

 

 

 

 

Dividends paid to   shareholders

 

 

(66.6)

(65.2)

Dividends paid to   non-controlling interests

 

 

(6.1)

(8.7)

Redemption of B shares

 

 

- 

(2.3)

Proceeds from own   shares on exercise of employee share options

 

 

3.3 

1.4 

Proceeds from   borrowings

 

 

- 

305.4 

Repayment of   borrowings

 

 

(104.6)

(313.8)

Net cash outflow from   financing activities

 

 

(174.0)

(83.2)

Increase in cash and   cash equivalents

 

 

46.7 

82.5 

Cash and cash   equivalents at beginning of year

 

 

223.1 

143.7 

Exchange losses on   cash and cash equivalents

 

 

(0.9)

(3.1)

Transfer to assets   held for sale

 

 

(1.9)

-

Cash and cash   equivalents at end of year

 

 

267.0 

223.1 

 

Group cash flow does   not include cash and cash equivalents held by CC&G on behalf of its   clearing members for use in its operation as manager of the clearing and   guarantee system. These balances represent margins and default funds held for   counterparties for short periods in connection with this operation.    Interest on CCP balances is received by CC&G net of withholding tax,   which is deducted at source.  This withholding tax is effectively a cash   outflow for the Group, and is shown separately in the cash flow statement.

 

 

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT   OF CHANGES IN EQUITY

 

Attributable to equity holders

 

 

Other reserves

 

 

Ordinary

Share

capital

Retained loss

Capital

redemption reserve

Reverse

acquisition

reserve

Foreign

exchange

translation

reserve

Merger

reserve

Hedging

reserve

Total attributa-ble to equity holders

Non-controll-ing

interests

Total

equity

 

 £m

 £m

 £m

 £m

 £m

 £m

£m

£m

£m

£m

1 April 2009

18.7

(803.2)

511.9

(512.5)

476.1

1,299.2

(33.3)

956.9

96.3

1,053.2 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Issue of shares

0.1

-

-

5.1

5.2

5.2 

Total comprehensive   income for the financial year

-

90.0 

-

(53.2)

-

(10.8)

26.0

(2.2)

23.8 

Final dividend   relating to the year ended 31 March 2009

-

(42.7)

-

-

(42.7)

(42.7)

Interim dividend   relating to the year ended 31 March 2010

-

(22.5)

-

-

(22.5)

(22.5)

Dividend payment to   non-controlling interests

-

-

-

-

(8.3)

(8.3)

Employee share schemes   expenses

-

5.0 

-

-

5.0

 

5.0 

Redemption of B shares

-

(2.3)

2.3

-

-

Disposal of subsidiary

-

-

-

-

-

17.1 

17.1 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

31 March 2010

18.8

(775.7)

514.2

(512.5)

422.9 

1,304.3

(44.1)

927.9

102.9 

1,030.8 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total comprehensive   income for the financial year

-

176.6 

-

(13.1)

-

9.3 

172.8

5.9 

178.7 

Final dividend   relating to the year ended 31 March 2010

-

(42.9)

-

-

(42.9)

(42.9)

Interim dividend   relating to the year ended 31 March 2011

-

(23.7)

-

-

(23.7)

(23.7)

Dividend payment to   non-controlling interests

-

-

-

-

-

(7.2)

(7.2)

Employee share schemes   expenses

-

8.3 

-

-

8.3

8.3 

Purchases of   non-controlling interests

-

(5.5)

-

-

(5.5)

(1.5)

(7.0)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

31 March 2011

18.8

(662.9)

514.2

(512.5)

409.8 

1,304.3

(34.8)

1,036.9

100.1 

1,137.0 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The capital redemption   reserve is a non-distributable reserve set up as a result of a court approved   capital reduction.

The reverse   acquisition reserve is a non-distributable capital reserve arising on   consolidation as a result of the capital reduction scheme.

The foreign exchange   translation reserve reflects the impact of foreign currency changes on the   translation of foreign operations.

The merger reserve   arises on consolidation when the Company issues shares as part of the   consideration to acquire subsidiary undertakings.

The hedging reserve   represents the cumulative fair value adjustment recognised in respect of net   investment and cash flow hedges undertaken in accordance with hedge   accounting principles.

                         

 

Notes to the Financial   Statements

 

1.   Basis   of preparation and accounting policies

 

The Group’s   consolidated financial statements are prepared in accordance with   International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) and International   Financial Reporting Interpretations Committee (IFRIC) interpretations   endorsed by the European Union, and with those parts of the Companies Act   2006 applicable to companies reporting under IFRS.

 

The financial   statements are prepared under the historical cost convention as modified by   the revaluation of assets and liabilities held at fair value, including those   of the central counterparty (CCP) clearing business of the Group’s   majority-owned subsidiary Cassa di Compensazione e Garanzia S.p.A.   (CC&G), and on the basis of the Group’s accounting policies.

 

The Group uses a   columnar format for the presentation of its consolidated Income Statement.   This enables the Group to aid the reader’s understanding of its results by   presenting profit for the year before acquisition amortisation and   non-recurring items. This is the profit measure used to calculate adjusted   earnings per share and is considered to be the most appropriate as it best   reflects the Group’s underlying cash earnings and is the primary measure of   performance monitored by the Group’s Executive Committee. Profit before   acquisition amortisation and non-recurring items is reconciled to profit   before taxation on the face of the Income Statement.

 

The Company is a   public limitedcompany incorporated and domiciled in the UK.  The   address of its registered office is 10 Paternoster Square, London, EC4M 7LS.

 

Recent Accounting   Developments

 

The following standards   and interpretations have been issued by the International Accounting   Standards Board (IASB) and IFRIC and have been adopted for the first time in   these financial statements:

 

IFRS 3 (revised)   'Business Combinations' - Comprehensive revision to applying the acquisition   method, has been adopted and applied to all acquisitions from 1 April   2010.  The revised standard maintains the acquisition method for   business combinations, but has made significant changes in other areas when   compared to IFRS 3 such as all payments on the purchase of a business are   recognised at their fair value as at the acquisition date.  In addition   any contingent consideration is classified as a debt with any subsequent   remeasurement taken through the income statement and all acquisition costs   are expensed in the period that they are incurred.  The £4.8m   acquisition of ProMac S.p.A. and £1m acquisition of MTS France S.A.S. were   the only significant acquisitions during the period.

 

IAS 27 (revised)   'Consolidated and Separate Financial Statements' has been adopted and will   apply to all acquisitions from 1 April 2010.  The revised standard   requires the effects of all transactions with non-controlling interests to be   recorded in equity if there is no change in control and these transactions   will no longer result in goodwill or gains and losses. In the current period   the remaining 19.9% in EDX Limited and 10% of Servizio Titoli S.p.A. not   controlled by the Group were acquired resulting in a £5.5m adjustment to   retained earnings.

 

2.   Segmental   information

 

Segmental disclosures   for the year ended 31 March 2011 are shown below:

 

 

 Capital Markets

 Post Trade Services

Information Services

Technology Services

 

Other

 

Group

 

£m

£m

£m

£m

£m

£m

Revenue

281.5 

99.3 

184.7 

82.1 

1.8 

649.4 

Inter-segmental   revenue

(33.5)

(33.5)

Revenue from external   customers

281.5 

99.3 

184.7 

48.6 

1.8 

615.9 

Net treasury income   through CCP business

51.3 

51.3 

Other Income

7.7 

7.7 

Total income

281.5 

150.6 

184.7 

48.6 

9.5 

674.9 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Expenses

 

 

 

 

 

 

Depreciation and   software amortisation

(32.3)

(5.5)

(10.4)

(1.3)

(49.5)

Other recurring   expenses

(104.6)

(54.3)

(72.4)

(52.3)

(3.8)

(287.4)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Share of profit /   (loss) after tax of joint ventures / associates

(1.9)

5.0 

3.1 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operating profit /   (loss) before amortisation of purchased intangible
  assets and non-recurring items

142.7 

90.8 

106.9 

(5.0)

5.7 

341.1 

Amortisation of   purchased intangible assets

 

 

 

 

 

(47.1)

Non-recurring items

 

 

 

 

 

(11.0)

Operating profit

 

 

 

 

 

283.0 

Net finance expense

 

 

 

 

 

(44.8)

Profit before taxation

 

 

 

 

 

238.2 

 

Net treasury income   through CCP business of £51.3m comprises gross interest income of £227.3m   less gross interest expense of £176.0m. Included within both gross interest   income and gross interest expense is £150.4m relating to repo transactions;   net of repo transactions gross interest income was £76.9m and gross interest   expense was £25.6m.

 

 

Comparative segmental   disclosures for the year ended 31 March 2010 (restated) are as follows:

 

Capital Markets

Post Trade Services

Information Services

Technology Services

Other

Group

 

£m

£m

£m

£m

£m

£m

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Revenue

295.3 

100.0 

169.3 

39.9 

1.6 

606.1 

Inter-segmental   revenue

 

 

 

(0.5)

 

(0.5)

Revenue from external   customers

295.3 

100.0 

169.3 

39.4 

1.6 

605.6 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net treasury income   through CCP business

16.2 

16.2 

Other Income

6.5 

6.5 

Total income

295.3 

116.2 

169.3 

39.4 

8.1 

628.3 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Expenses

 

 

 

 

 

 

Depreciation and   software amortisation

(45.7)

(4.8)

(10.9)

(0.8)

(0.6)

(62.8)

Other non-recurring   expenses

(116.7)

(51.9)

(55.8)

(51.8)

(10.6)

(286.8)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Share of profit /   (loss) after tax of joint ventures / associates

(1.9)

3.5 

-

1.6 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operating profit /   (loss) before amortisation of purchased intangible assets and non-recurring   items

131.0 

59.5 

106.1 

(13.2)

(3.1)

280.3 

Amortisation of   purchased intangible assets

 

 

 

 

 

(54.3)

Non-recurring items

 

 

 

 

 

(43.7)

Operating profit

 

 

 

 

 

182.3 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net finance expense

 

 

 

 

 

(40.7)

Profit on disposal of   shares in subsidiaries

 

 

 

 

 

2.7 

Profit before taxation

 

 

 

 

 

144.3 

 

Net treasury income   through CCP business of £16.2m comprises gross interest income of £498.3m   less gross interest expense of £482.1m. Included within both gross interest   income and gross interest expense is £462.9m relating to repo transactions;   net of repo transactions gross interest income was £35.4m and gross interest   expense was £19.2m.

 

The segmental   reporting has been restated to show Information Services and Technology   Services as separate segments.  This reflects the management   re-organisation of the chief operating decision maker, which is the Executive   Committee, and associated changes in the reporting of the business   lines.  Technology Services combines IT Services with MillenniumIT   reflecting the similar nature of their products and services.  There   have been no changes to the profit for the year and accordingly no third   Balance Sheet has been presented.

 

Inter-segmental   revenue represent sales of software from MillenniumIT to other segments.

 

3.     Employee costs

 

2011

2010

Employee costs   comprise the following:

 

£m

£m

Salaries and other   short term benefits

 

92.0

84.5

Social security costs

 

15.2

15.5

Pension costs

 

5.2

7.5

Share based   compensation

 

5.0

3.5

Total

 

117.4

111.0

 

 

2011

 

2010

The number of   employees in the Group was:

Average

Year end

 

 Average 

 Year end

UK

497

492

 

568

539

Italy

455

456

 

496

458

Sri Lanka

534

587

 

4531

461

Other

29

28

 

28

30

 

1,515

1,563

 

1,545

1,488

The Company has no   employees.

 

 

 

 

 

1 Average from date of acquisition.

 

 

 

 

 

 

4.     Amortisation of purchased intangible assets and non-recurring   items

 

 

 

2011

2010

 

 Note

£m

£m

Amortisation of   purchased intangible assets

9

(47.1)

(54.3)

Merger costs

 

(15.4)

Restructuring costs

 

(3.5)

(30.1)

Property costs

 

(2.1)

Integration costs

 

- 

(13.6)

Revaluation on   acquisition within joint venture

 

10.0 

Total affecting   operating profit

 

(58.1)

(98.0)

 

 

 

 

Profit on disposal of   shares in subsidiary

 

- 

0.3 

Total affecting profit   before tax

 

(58.1)

(97.7)

 

 

 

 

Tax effect on items   affecting profit before tax and tax non-recurring items

 

 

 

Deferred tax on   amortisation of purchased intangible assets

 

6.4 

9.4 

Tax effect on other   items affecting profit before tax

 

1.7 

11.9 

Total tax effect on   items affecting profit before tax and tax non-recurring items

8.1 

21.3 

Total charge to income   statement

(50.0)

(76.4)

 

Merger costs comprise   costs incurred and committed to date associated with the proposed merger with   TMX Group Inc. and primarily comprise non-contingent advisers fees.    Restructuring costs mainly comprise headcount restructuring costs arising   from the cost saving programmes announced in July 2009 and May 2010.    Property costs are an impairment provision relating to a freehold building   now held for resale.  The revaluation on acquisition within joint   venture relates to the acquisition by the Group's FTSE joint venture of the   remaining 50 per cent of the FXI Chinese index business, and the consequent   upward revaluation of FTSE's existing interests in that company

 

5.     Net finance expense

 

 

2011

2010

 

 

£m

£m

Finance income

 

 

 

Bank deposit and other   interest income

 

1.3 

2.5 

Expected return on   defined benefit pension scheme assets

 

14.5 

11.8 

Fair value gains on   financial instruments

 

- 

0.6 

Investment income

 

0.3 

0.3 

 

 

16.1 

15.2 

 

 

 

 

Finance expense

 

 

 

Interest payable on   bank and other borrowings

 

(42.8)

(38.9)

Fair value loss on   financial instruments

 

(0.1)

Other finance costs

 

(1.8)

(1.2)

Interest on discounted   provision for leasehold properties

 

(1.5)

(1.2)

Defined benefit   pension scheme interest cost

 

(14.7)

(14.6)

 

 

(60.9)

(55.9)

 

 

 

 

Net finance expense

 

(44.8)

(40.7)

 

6.     Taxation

 

2011

2010

Taxation charged to   the income statement

£m

£m

Current tax:

 

 

UK corporation tax for   the year at 28%

38.1 

27.8 

Overseas tax for the   year

55.3 

37.4 

Adjustments in respect   of previous years

1.0 

(6.9)

 

94.4 

58.3 

Deferred tax:

 

 

Deferred tax for the   current year

(10.4)

2.1 

Adjustments in respect   of previous years

4.1 

1.6 

Deferred tax on amortisation   of purchased intangible assets

(6.4)

(9.4)

Taxation charge

81.7 

52.6 

 

The adjustments in   respect of previous years' corporation tax are mainly in respect of tax   returns agreed with relevant tax authorities.

 

 

 

 

2011

2010

Taxation on items not   (credited)/charged to income statement

£m

£m

Current tax (credit):

 

 

Tax allowance on share   options/awards in excess of expense recognised

(1.3)

(0.4)

Deferred tax   charge/(credit):

 

 

Defined benefit   pension scheme gain/(losses)

9.0 

(0.5)

Tax allowance on share   options/awards less than expense recognised

(0.5)

(0.6)

Adjustments relating   to the change in UK tax rate

(0.7)

 

6.5 

(1.5)

 

 

 

Factors affecting the   tax charge for the year

 

 

The reconciling items   between the profits multiplied by the UK corporation tax rate of 28% and the   income statement tax charge for the year are explained below:

 

2011

2010

 

£m

£m

Profit before taxation

238.2 

144.3 

 

 

 

Profit multiplied by   the UK rate of corporation tax at 28%

66.7 

40.4 

 

 

 

Expenses not   deductible/income not taxable

1.6 

2.6 

Share of joint venture   and associates consolidated at profit after tax

(3.8)

(0.5)

Deferred tax arising   on consolidation

(7.5)

Overseas earnings   taxed at higher rate

13.2 

9.7 

Adjustments in respect   of previous years

5.1 

(5.3)

Amortisation of   purchased intangible assets

6.4 

5.7 

Taxation charge

81.7 

52.6